Disease

Fusarium root rot

Fusarium pathogens that cause root rot identified

Fusarium solani f. sp. pisi and F. avenaceum were the most aggressive species on CDC Meadow pea. Both F. solani f. sp. pisi and F. avenaceum caused significant disease symptoms on pea, chickpea, dry bean, and faba bean, but not on cereal crops, soybean, green…

blackleg canola stem

The science behind blackleg resistance rotation

SaskCanola administered Growing Forward 2-funded blackleg research projects that concluded over the past year or so. Results from these studies make it possible for farmers to test for the predominant blackleg races in a field and use this information to make strategic decisions for the…

Fusarium Roor Rot Soybean

Fusarium root rot management in soybean

Eight of nine fungicides tested helped to manage Fusarium root rot in soybeans in Alberta. Several soybean varieties were identified with partial resistance to Fusarium root rot. Root rot caused by Fusarium spp. is prevalent in soybean crops in Alberta. The objectives of this study…

root rot

Identification and management of root rot of pulses

Research on root rot diseases of pulse crops is summarized to provide a brief description of the important pathogens and their management. In addition to existing tools such as seed treatment, crop rotation, and early, shallow seeding to manage root rot risk in the short…

blackleg cotyledon scale

Fluopyram fungicide seed treatment reduces blackleg

Several fungicides were evaluated for control of cotyledon infection by Leptosphaeria maculans and blackleg disease of canola. Under controlled environmental conditions, fluopyram showed greater efficacy than fluquinconazole in limiting cotyledon infection, while regular seed treatments with Prosper EverGold or Helix Vibrance were ineffective. In field…

stripe rust

Wheat and barley response to stripe rust and fungicides

When stripe rust severity was low, resistant and intermediate wheat and barley varieties did not suffer significant yield losses. When leaf spot and stripe rust disease levels were high, a foliar fungicide application was necessary to reduce yield losses even on resistant varieties. Seven spring…

Resistant vs. Susceptible

Reduce clubroot spore load by 95%

A ≥2 year break from clubroot-resistant canola resulted in a 95% decrease in clubroot resting spore concentrations. In the third year after the harvest of clubroot-resistant canola, resting spore concentrations were similar to those of host-free control plots. Previous small plot research showed the value…

Hwang canola clubroot rotation

Three-year break increased canola yield by 18 bushels per acre

Canola yield with a three-year break between canola crops was significantly higher than a tighter canola-barley rotation by 18 bushels per acre. Growing clubroot resistant canola in a tight rotation was not a strategy that could be implemented to keep clubroot spore populations low, and…

clubroot tour

Clubroot nursery proved invaluable

The maintenance of a naturally occurring clubroot nursery provided an evaluation site for over 60 canola lines, varieties and cultivars over 4 years in southern Alberta. The nursery site was also used extensively for training and extension activities. When you get served lemons, make lemonade….

Clubroot galls

Keeping an eye on clubroot

A set of clubroot surveillance practices was developed for effective monitoring of the occurrence and severity of Plasmodiophora brassicae in commercial fields. Clubroot, we’re watching you. A major focus of research into clubroot disease caused by P. brassicae is surveillance of the geographic spread of…

sclerotinia on a canola leaf

New tool forecasts Sclerotinia risk

The canola growth stage prediction model and sclerotinia stem risk index deployed on www.canoladst.ca are useful tools for managing the disease. The major objectives of this project were to develop and deploy forecasting tools for canola growth stages, sclerotinia stem rot risk model, and a…

white mould on dry bean

Tests to improve Sclerotinia sclerotiorum control

Heads Up, a resistance activator applied to seed, was found to enhance resistance against Sclerotinia sclerotiorum causing white mould in dry bean, but showed no benefit in canola. Adding a micronutrient to a foliar fungicide improved control of S. sclerotiorum with two of the eight…

oat leaf blotch

Breeding for oat leaf blotch resistance

A 4-year research project at the University of Saskatchewan’s Crop Development Centre set the platform that will assist plant breeders in developing leaf blotch resistant oat varieties. Growing resistant varieties in combination with adequate crop rotation intervals will be the most effective, economical and eco-friendly…

Clubroot galls

Evaluation of clubroot disinfectants

Bleach (sodium hypochlorite) was most effective in killing clubroot (Plasmodiophora brassicae) spores at concentrations above 1.7%. Spray Nine was almost as effective, while 5 other products achieved greater than 95% control. Sanitation of equipment, vehicles, scouting tools and footwear is an important part of preventing…

R. solani disease ratings

Soybean disease reaction and yield loss to Rhizoctonia solani

Seedling blight and root rot in soil-inoculated Rhizoctonia solani plots decreased soybean stand establishment by 48% and reduced yield by 52% compared to control plots with low levels of R. solani. No significant differences in disease severity, nodulation or yield loss were observed among the…

lygus bug on faba bean pod copy

Faba bean seed damage by lygus bug and chocolate spot

Lygus bug and chocolate spot disease can damage faba bean seed. Research found both organisms are widespread in central and southern Alberta. Seed damage occurs independently of each other, and is primarily caused by lygus bug. Seed damage caused by lygus bug (Lygus spp.) or…

clubroot canola roots

Clubroot spore load reduced by 90% with a two-year canola break

A break from susceptible canola of at least 2 years resulted in more than 90% reduction in clubroot pathogen resting spores compared to continuous canola or a 1-year break. Clubroot resistant varieties grown with a 2- to 4-year break yielded 32 to 76% higher than…

severe blackleg in canola field

Blackleg severity and yield loss in canola

For every 1-unit increase in disease severity rating on a scale of 1 to 5, yield loss in a susceptible variety was 17.2% and pod loss was 13.0%. Disease severity was lower and seed yield was 120% to 128% higher in the moderately resistant to…

clubroot galls

Basamid fumigant is a potential tool for clubroot control

Basamid (dazomet) soil-applied fumigant was effective against clubroot and seedling blight in canola. Basamid appears to have good potential as a tool to maintain canola yield and reduce the spread of clubroot where the disease is concentrated, usually at field entrances. Clubroot, caused by the…